sea ice volume



ice sheet
Deep ocean conveyer
Sea level rise

19 March 2015 Arctic sea ice record low maximum

Image NASA Eyes Earth

We all depend on the Arctic.. .
The Arctic regulates our climate, provides a home for wildlife, livelihoods, and gives food to us all. (WWF)

March 2015 Research Arctic sea ice is 'thinning dramatically'

The sharp decline in summer Arctic sea ice is unprecedented, and consistent with human-induced climate change (Climate Change in the United States USGC May 2014 )

We are at risk of pushing our climate system toward abrupt, irreversible change
What we know AAAS March 2104

We are in a state of planetary emergency
James Hansen 19 Sept 2012 - repeating his emergency warning of 2008, in response to the 2012 summer sea ice record low.

May 2013 Science
Very high Arctic climate sensitivity

Permafrost thaw under warming - far worse than imagined Paper Feb 2013

Arctic Health Research

IPCC : Arctic .... components of the terrestrial cryosphere and hydrology are increasingly being affected by climate change

These changes will have cascading effects on key regional bio-physical systems and cause global climatic feedbacks

Arctic summer sea ice rapid melt- past tipping point

Arctic albedo cooling rapid decline

Sustained feedback on atmospheric

Methane increase in 25 May 2013.

Arctic NH albedo decline 3 graphs

September 2012 Scientific American Arctic Sea Ice: What, Why and What Next

"The fall-off in ice volume is so fast that it is going to bring us to zero very quickly. 2015 is a very serious prediction and I think I am pretty much persuaded that , that's when it will happen."

Professor Peter Wadhams, Leading Arctic Expert, Cambridge University, January 2012